Schach Notation Weitere Zeichen:
Zum Aufzeichnen von Schachpartien oder Schachstellungen gibt es verschiedene Systeme der Schachnotation. Um die Züge während der Partie. Zum Aufzeichnen von Schachpartien oder Schachstellungen gibt es verschiedene Systeme der Schachnotation. Um die Züge während der Partie niederzuschreiben, benutzen die Spieler in der Regel vorgedruckte Partieformulare. Die Schachnotation ist quasi die “Fachsprache” der Schachspieler. Für Nichtschachspieler lässt ein Satz wie z.B. “die weiße Dame geht nach h5 und wird nach. NotationBearbeiten. Zur Archivierung und Weitergabe von Schachpartien ist es nützlich, diese mitzuschreiben. Der hauptsächliche Nutzen für Sie als Leser liegt. Bei der Notation der Züge werden die Figuren mit ihrem Anfangsbuchstaben abgekürzt. Bauernzüge werden ohne Kennzeichen aufgeschrieben. Die Züge.
für die Aufzeichnung der Züge, das algebraische, an und empfiehlt, diese einheitliche Schachnotation auch für Schachbücher und Zeitschriften zu verwenden. Die Schachnotation ist quasi die “Fachsprache” der Schachspieler. Für Nichtschachspieler lässt ein Satz wie z.B. “die weiße Dame geht nach h5 und wird nach. Die einfachste und beliebteste Form der Notation ist die algebraische Notation. Sie teilt jedem Feld eine Kombination aus einer Zahl und einem.
Each square of the chessboard is identified by a unique coordinate pair—a letter and a number. The vertical columns of squares, called files , are labeled a through h from White's left the queenside to right the kingside.
The horizontal rows of squares, called ranks , are numbered 1 to 8 starting from White's side of the board. Thus each square has a unique identification of file letter followed by rank number.
For example, White's king starts the game on square e1; Black's knight on b8 can move to open squares a6 or c6. Each piece type other than pawns is identified by an uppercase letter.
English-speaking players use the letters K for king , Q for queen , R for rook , B for bishop , and N for knight since K is already used.
S from the German Springer was also used for the knight in the early days of algebraic notation and is still used in some chess problems where N stands for the nightrider , a popular fairy chess piece.
Players who speak other languages may employ different letters; for example, French-speaking players use F for bishop from fou. This style is known as figurine algebraic notation.
Pawns are not identified by uppercase letters, but rather by the absence of one. Distinguishing between pawns is not necessary for recording moves, since only one pawn can move to a given square.
Pawn captures are an exception and indicated differently as explained below. Each move of a piece is indicated by the piece's uppercase letter, plus the coordinate of the destination square.
For example, Be5 move a bishop to e5 , Nf3 move a knight to f3. For pawn moves, a letter indicating pawn is not used, only the destination square is given.
For example, c5 move a pawn to c5. When a piece makes a capture , an "x" is inserted immediately before the destination square. For example, Bxe5 bishop captures the piece on e5.
When a pawn makes a capture, the file from which the pawn departed is used to identify the pawn. For example, exd5 pawn on the e-file captures the piece on d5.
A colon : is sometimes used instead of "x", either in the same place the "x" would go B:e5 or at the end Be5: , but using it is not allowed by FIDE rules.
En passant captures are indicated by specifying the capturing pawn's file of departure, the "x", the destination square not the square of the captured pawn , and optionally the suffix "e.
Some texts, such as the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings , omit any indication that a capture has been made. For example, Be5 instead of Bxe5; ed6 instead of exd6 or exd6e.
When it is unambiguous to do so, a pawn capture is sometimes described by specifying only the files involved exd or ed , but such description is not allowed by FIDE rules.
These shortened forms are sometimes called minimal or abbreviated algebraic notation. When two or more identical pieces can move to the same square, the moving piece is uniquely identified by specifying the piece's letter, followed by in descending order of preference :.
For example, in the diagram, Bb8 would be ambiguous, as either of the bishops on a7 and d6 could legally move to b8. The move of the d6 bishop is therefore specified as Bdb8 , indicating that it was the bishop on the d file which moved.
Although they could also be differentiated by their ranks, the file letter takes precedence. For the black rooks both on the 8th rank, both could potentially move to f8, so the move of the d8 rook to f8 is disambiguated as Rdf8.
For the white rooks both on the a file which could both move to a3, it is necessary to provide the rank of the moving piece, i.
In the case of the white queen on h4 moving to e1, neither the rank nor file alone are sufficient to disambiguate from the other white queens.
As such, this move is written Qh4e1. As above, an "x" can be inserted to indicate a capture; for example, if the final case were a capture, it would be written as Qh4xe1.
When a pawn moves to the last rank and promotes , the piece promoted to is indicated at the end of the move notation, for example: e8Q promoting to queen.
Castling is indicated by the special notations for kingside castling and queenside castling. Some publications indicate a discovered check with an abbreviation such as "dis ch".
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings omits any indication of check. Checkmate at the completion of moves can be represented by the symbol " ".
The word mate is commonly used instead. Often there is no indication regarding how a player won or lost other than checkmate, see above , so simply 1—0 or 0—1 may be written to show that one player resigned or lost due to time control or forfeit.
Similarly, there is more than one way for a game to end in a draw. Sometimes direct information is given by the words "White resigns" or "Black resigns", though this is not considered part of the notation but rather a return to the surrounding narrative text.
Moves may be interspersed with commentary annotations. When the game score resumes with a Black move, an ellipsis Descriptive notation was usual in the Middle Ages in Europe.
A form of algebraic chess notation that seems to have been borrowed from Muslim chess, however, appeared in Europe in a 12th-century manuscript referred to as MS.
Paris Fr. The files run from a to h , just as they do in the current standard algebraic notation. The ranks, however, are also designated by letters, with the exception of the 8th rank which is distinct because it has no letter.
The ranks are lettered in reverse — from the 7th to the 1st: k , l , m , n , o , p , q. Another system of notation using only letters appears in a book of Mediaeval chess, Rechenmeister Jacob Köbel 's Schachzabel Spiel of Staunton credits the idea to German authors, and in particular to " Alexandre , Jaenisch and the ' Handbuch.
The table contains names for all the pieces as well as the words for chess , check , and checkmate in several languages. Besides the FIDE standard or short algebraic notation SAN already described, several similar systems are in use for their own particular advantages.
Two of them are described below:. Open an example of the skak package in ShareLaTeX. If you are used to algebraic chess notation, typesetting chess moves is easy.
The notation for the moves is standard algebraic notation in English. See the further reading section for links about this. For instance, in the example 3.
If you need to focus on only one side of the board, hiding the opposite colour will greatly help. Another feature that is helpful to analyse some moves is to show only the relevant pieces in said moves.
See the reference guide for a description of the letters and the pieces they represent.